Incidents of discrimination, GRI 406-1 (G4-HR3-a)
What is the total number of incidents of discrimination reported by the organization during the reporting period?

About the data

This metric is based on the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) Standard Guidelines. In the context of the GRI Standards, the social dimension of sustainability concerns an organization’s
impacts on the social systems within which it operates.

GRI 406 addresses the topic of non-discrimination. For the purpose of this Standard, discrimination is defined as the act and the result of treating people unequally by imposing unequal burdens or denying benefits, instead of treating each person fairly on the basis of individual merit.

Discrimination can also include harassment. This is defined as a course of comments or actions that are unwelcome, or should reasonably be known to be unwelcome, to the person towards whom they are addressed.

According to ILO instruments, discrimination can occur on the grounds of race, color, sex, religion,
political opinion, national extraction, and social origin. Discrimination can also occur based on factors such
as age, disability, migrant status, HIV and AIDS, gender, sexual orientation, genetic predisposition, and lifestyles,
among others.

An organization is expected to avoid discriminating against any person on any grounds, including avoiding discrimination against workers at work. It is also expected to avoid discriminating against customers with respect to the provision of products and services, or against any other stakeholder, including suppliers or business partners.

The presence and effective implementation of policies to avoid discrimination are a basic expectation of socially responsible conduct.

In 2018, the GRI G4 Sustainability Reporting Guidelines were superseded by the GRI Sustainability Reporting Standards (GRI standards). For this metric, the code G4-HR3-a is used in company reporting prior to 2018, and the new GRI 406-1 code used in reporting from 2018 onwards. The methodology for the former G4 standard for this metric can be found here. code used in reporting from 2018 onwards. The methodology for the former G4 standard for this metric can be found here.

This metric is looking for the total number of incidents of discrimination occurred for the reporting period.

In the context of this disclosure, an ‘incident’ refers to a legal action or complaint registered with the reporting
organization or competent authorities through a formal process, or an instance of non-compliance identified by the organization through established procedures. Established procedures to identify instances of noncompliance can include management system audits,formal monitoring programs, or grievance mechanisms.

An incident is no longer subject to action if it is resolved, the case is completed, or no further action is required by the organization. For example, an incident for which no further action is required can include cases that were withdrawn or where the underlying circumstances that led to the incident no longer exist.

For WikiRate researchers:

To calculate the total number of incidents of discrimination that occured during the reporting period :

  • Identify incidents of discrimination on grounds of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national extraction, or social origin as defined by the ILO, or other relevant forms of discrimination involving internal and external stakeholders across operations in the reporting period.

Companies who align reports to GRI’s Sustainability Reporting Standards often include a GRI Content Index or Annex where GRI disclosures, with GRI codes, are listed.

  • Use the GRI Index, CTRL+F, Command+F or the search button on source preview to search for this index and metrics within the report

  • Use the codes or keywords to quickly find values, keeping in mind that some companies report on the metric using different terms, e.g. G4-406 or 406, incidents of discrimination

  • Add comments documenting exactly where within the source you found the information (page number) and include details of simple or complex calculations or conversions made to determine the metric value

  • If you are unable to locate a metric value in a source you can search for additional sources where the data is available and add a new source

  • Select the 'Unknown' answer box if the company has not published the data.

Further guidance on how to research values for GRI-based metrics is available here, including detailed guidance on adding, editing and checking metric values.

Value Type
Research Policy
Community Assessed
Report Type
Corporate Social Responsibility Report
Sustainability Report
Aggregate Data Report