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MSA Identification of risks
Does the company’s statement identify specific geographic regions (e.g. Indonesia), industries (e.g. agriculture), resources (e.g. Palm Oil) or types of workforce (e.g. migrant workers) where the risk of modern slavery is the greatest?"
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About the data

Understanding where the risk of modern slavery occurs, and assessing its level of importance, ensures that companies are able to put the most appropriate remedies in place. Disclosing in a modern slavery statement where this risk is helps to illustrate the effectiveness of risk assessment tools outlined in the previous metric.

For further information on this metric please refer to the Home Office Guidance on page 34-35 and Walk Free Foundation Guidance, pp.18-19.

Does the company’s statement identify the greatest risks of modern slavery in its organisation and supply chain? The company must explicitly state the specific geographic regions, industries, resources or types of workforce where the risk is greatest.

The answer to this metric question may thus be one or several of these options:

  1. Geographic - exposure may be greater in countries where protection against breaches of human rights are limited, particularly for migrant workers.

  2. Industry - certain industries are more at risk of modern slavery than others. For example, those working in the extractives industry may differ to the risk in manufacturing. Risks linked to industries are of a more general nature than risks linked to specific resources, products or services.

  3. Resource, products and services - some resources, products and services are more associated with modern slavery than others. For example, the extraction of mica or palm oil has been associated with high levels of debt bondage. Adult care services have been linked to rising modern slavery risks.

  4. Workforce - some workers are more vulnerable to modern slavery than others. For example, temporary, seasonal or migrant workers may not be covered by local labour laws, or may not be as aware of their rights. Prisoners are also vulnerable to modern slavery. 

Please note this metric requires an explicit statement of the risk and where it occurs, it cannot apply to general statements about high levels of risk. Statements of a general nature are accepted, as long as the risks and the specific geographic regions, industries, resources/products/services or types of workforce are identified.

If a company lists countries or geographic regions (such as South Asia) where the risk of modern slavery is high, please select the “Geographic” value.

If a company identifies specific industries (such as the mining or apparel industry) where the risk of modern slavery is high, please select the “Industry” value.

If a company identifies specific resources (such as mica or palm oil) as being associated with modern slavery, please select the “Resource” value.

If a company describes a specific type of worker that is vulnerable to modern slavery, please select the “Workforce” value.

***Please select as many values as apply.***

If the business indicates if it will identify risks specific to modern slavery or is planning to do so in the future, please indicate “In Development”.

Where there are no details of specific risks, please give a “No” value.

For each value, please include a comment that copies relevant information from the statement.


Shell Australia Modern Slavery Statement 2021, p.14

"Shell Australia has determined the following to be high-risk countries, based on contract value concentration:ƒ China ƒ Malaysia ƒ India ƒ Philippines"

CK William Group Modern Slavery Statement for 2021, P. 8

“...varying industry risks for different categories of services, with higher risks occurring in the more labour - intensive industries such as information technology, office services, manufacturing, construction, and non-building sector construction space.”

Tata Steel Europe Ltd - MSA Statement  2017, p.4

“The procurement categories we see as having the highest risks in this area are strategic primary raw materials (i.e. iron ore, coal and coke) and certain process materials (such as tin and zinc).”

John Wood Group PLC, Modern Slavery Act 2022

pg. 5

"We recognise that third party labour, unlike our directly employed personnel, has greater potential to give rise to differing standards in working conditions and compensation, with often limited control over our supply chain. This is an area of greater focus for the business and where we see the greatest risk to the potential violation of human rights."

pg. 7

"Managing migrant workers, especially where they are not in direct employment of Wood continues to be a significant risk to our business."


* Note on choosing the Year of your answer

Read the MSA Statement carefully to find out what year it covers.

When a statement is referring to a Financial Year (FY) ending in Q1 or early Q2, it should be labeled with the previous year. Example:

Statement for FY2018/19 ending in April 2019 = 2018
Statement for FY2018/19 ending in May 2019 (or later) = 2019

Value Type
Resource/products and services
In Development
Research Policy
Community Assessed
Report Type
Modern Slavery Statement
Katharine Bryant