This metric is part of the Eticonsum research study on the evaluation of companies in the Retail Food sector in environmental, social and ethical matters.
Eticonsum is a non-profit market research agency specialized in corporate performance ESG (environment, social, governance) applied to consumer knowledge.
We investigate and analyze the ethical market of the FMCG sector and evaluate the environmental and social performance of companies in order to help both conscious consumers to decide according to their values, as well as companies to compete on ethical reputation.
With this metric we intend to evaluate how the company manages and publishes its consumption, extraction and discharge of water in an efficient and sustainable way.
Part of the water responsibility of supermarkets is linked to the consumption of water from the activity of the commercial sectors (butcher, fishmonger, bakery, pastry, etc.), cleaning the floors, the production of ice for fish, hygiene staff of employees, irrigation of green spaces, etc. Good water management and rationalization should cover not only the points of sale but also the logistics platforms and offices.
Now, the important part in terms of the water impact of supermarkets is related to the commercialization of the products that they have control (or should), which are their own brand. Their production may be subject to water-related risks in manufacturing and production countries. This applies in particular to agricultural and livestock products, whose production accounts for around 70% of global water use, and to the textile industry.
15,400 liters of water are required to produce a kilo of beef, 2,700 liters are needed to make a T-shirt or 4,400 to make a pair of sneakers.
Although the water consumption of retailers in their commercial areas, offices and logistics platforms is important, in this evaluation we would like to incorporate more elements on the water footprint that affects the production of private labels in supermarkets, which is where it lies. the true water impact of these entities. However, although we give a much greater weight to those questions related to water management in its supply chain, we cannot go any further in terms of mainly quantitative indicators due to the information limitations of its publications in this regard.
Our goal is to continue researching secondary sources in order to obtain more information.