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What is the percentage of total employees covered by collective bargaining agreements?
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Metric Type
Value Type
Research Policy
Community Assessed
Report Type
Communication on Progress
Corporate Social Responsibility Report
Inherit from ancestor (in order of precedence):

GRI 102: General Disclosures, which includes 102-41 Collective Bargaining, sets out reporting requirements on contextual information about an organization and its sustainability reporting practices. This Standard can be used by an organization of any size, type, sector or geographic location.

This disclosure (102-41) asks for the percentage of employees covered by collective bargaining agreements. It does not ask for the percentage of employees belonging to trade unions.

Collective bargaining refers to all negotiations which take place between one or more employers or employers' organizations, on the one hand, and one or more workers' organizations (trade unions), on the other, for determining working conditions and terms of employment or for regulating relations between employers and workers. Therefore, a collective bargaining agreement represents a form of joint decision-making concerning the organization’s operations.

By definition, collective bargaining agreements are obligations (often legally binding) that the organization has undertaken. The organization is expected to understand the coverage of the agreement (the workers to whom it is obligated to apply the terms of the agreement).

Collective agreements can be made at various levels and for categories and groups of workers. Collective agreements can be at the level of the organization; at the industry level, in countries where that is the practice; or at both. Collective agreements can cover specific groups of workers; for example, those performing a specific activity or working at a specific location.

See full background here.


How to research answer:

Look into annual and sustainability reports to find the answer to this metric question. Keyword search using the GRI code (GRI 102-41) and words like Collective and Bargaining. 

If the company reports the number of employees covered, you will need to calculate the percentage to fit to this question.

Use the comments field to include additional details, such as where you found the information (page number), quotes from the source cited, and any conversions or calculations done. For this metric, GRI requires the reporting organization to report the information: The basis for identifying and selecting stakeholders with whom to engage. If found, this can also be added to the comments field.