This metric covers PF indicator 6.19 of the Poverty Footprint Tool.* It is part of the first Poverty Dimension, livelihoods, which refers to the ability of people living in poverty to meet essential needs for themselves and their family, i.e., adequate food, housing, clothing, and healthcare, in the context of supporting and protecting their rights. Beyond earnings, it refers to the opportunity for individuals to pursue options for personal development, upward mobility, career development, and security. More specifically, within this dimension, this particular indicator addresses the category Economic Development of Community, which includes impacts of bribery and corruption for local socio-economic development.
This indicator, furthermore, falls under the 3rd Corporate area Dimension, institutions and policy, which refers to how the company’s actions regarding institutions and policy affect the well-being of people living in developing countries. It considers the effects of lobbying, direct investment, procurement and distribution practices in relation to the development of institutions (such as producer organizations, unions, social networks, women’s groups) and policies that focus on trade, finance, education, rule of law, and health.
Corruption is a form of dishonest or unethical conduct by a person entrusted with a position of authority, often to acquire personal benefit. Corruption may include many activities including bribery and embezzlement, though it may also involve practices that are legal in many countries. Government, or 'political', corruption occurs when an office-holder or other governmental employee acts in an official capacity for personal gain. (Source: Wikipedia )
*It is important to note that this guide is for reference purposes only. It suggests indicators that project partners may consider, but it is not a complete or exhaustive list. As highlighted in the Poverty Footprint Guide, the project partners will determine the specific indicators to be used in a Poverty Footprint study, tailored to the company’s business model, industry standards, country/regional context, among other criteria (Please see the “Implementation Section” of the Poverty Footprint Guide for more information on how to identify indicators).
For project partners who have set out to research this indicator, the Poverty Footprint guideline suggests the following methodology:
consider using secondary research to identify topics such as:
local economic development conditions
corporate tax laws and obligations in relevant jurisdictions
corruption/bribery in the local context
However, WikiRate researchers may review one of the following company statements using search terms like "corruption", "anti-corruption", ''bribery", and "anti-bribery" to determine whether the company in question publicly discloses that it will work against all forms of corruption:
Corporate Social Responsibility Report
CSO Statements or Reports
Investigative Reports, Surveys, Articles, etc.
Please provide the following contextual information in a comment to the metric value:
any additional disclosure regarding anti-corruption practices, e.g. policy statements, number of corruption cases reported, steps taken to fight corruption, etc.
whether the anti-corruption commitment extends to their entire value chain
the page number of the document where this information can be found
How to Research an Answer
Follow these steps or watch this video demonstrating how to research and add answers:
Select the company, metric and year
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Cite the source
Enter the answer and supporting comments
Watch the project tutorial on editing an answer.
Watch the project tutorial on editing the value "year".
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Watch the video tutorial on adding a PDF file as a source.
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