Global_Reporting_Initiative+Direct_greenhouse_gas_GHG_emissions_Scope_1_G4_EN15_a
What is the amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (in tonnes of CO2 equivalent) that the organization is directly responsible for?
2018
481,751.3
2017
482,972
2016
540,151
2015
712,752.7
2014
784,495.9
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Direct greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Scope 1) (G4-EN15-a)
Global_Reporting_Initiative+Indirect_greenhouse_gas_GHG_emissions_Scope_2_G4_EN16_a
What is the amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (in tons of CO2 equivalent) that the organization is indirectly responsible for?
2018
46,618.5
2017
55,103
2016
37,998
2015
60,796.9
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Scope 2) (G4-EN16-a)
Global_Reporting_Initiative+Emissions_of_Ozone_Depleting_Substances_ODS_G4_EN20_a
How many metric tons of Ozone-Depleting Substances did the company emit (in metric tons of CFC-11 equivalent)?
2015
0
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances (ODS) (G4-EN20-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) emissions, GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
How many metric tonnes of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) does the company emit?
2018
Unknown
2017
Unknown
2016
Unknown
2015
184.7
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) emissions, GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+Sulfur Oxide (SOx) emissions, GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
How many metric tonnes of sulfur oxide (SOx) does the company emit?
2018
52.7
2017
49
2016
47
2015
109.6
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Sulfur Oxide (SOx) emissions, GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+Persistent organic pollutants (POP), GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
How many metric tonnes of persistent organic pollutants (POP) does the company emit?
2018
Unknown
2017
Unknown
2016
Unknown
2015
Unknown
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Persistent organic pollutants (POP), GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+Nitrogen oxide (NOX) emissions, GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
How many metric tonnes of mono-nitrogen oxides (NOx) does the company emit?
2018
37.6
2017
35
2016
34
2015
75
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Nitrogen oxide (NOX) emissions, GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAP) emissions, GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
How many metric tonnes of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) does the company emit?
2018
Unknown
2017
Unknown
2016
Unknown
2015
Unknown
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAP) emissions, GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+Particulate Matter (PM) emissions, GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
How many metric tonnes of particulate matter (PM) does the company emit?
2018
Unknown
2017
Unknown
2016
Unknown
2015
Unknown
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Particulate Matter (PM) emissions, GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
Global_Reporting_Initiative+Total_Waste_Generated_G4_EN23_a
What is the total amount of waste generated by the organization (in metric tonnes)?
2018
651,249.2
2017
1.31M
2016
Unknown
2015
5.47M
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Total Waste Generated (G4-EN23-a)
Global_Reporting_Initiative+Non_hazardous_waste_G4_EN23_a
What is the total amount of non-hazardous waste created by the organization (in metric tonnes)?
2018
63,294.2
2017
71,476
2016
Unknown
2015
88,299.4
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Non-hazardous waste (G4-EN23-a)
Global_Reporting_Initiative+Hazardous_Waste_Created_G4_EN23_a
What is the total amount of hazardous waste created by the organization (in metric tonnes)?
2018
970.7
2017
7,725
2016
606
2015
1,295.7
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Hazardous Waste Created (G4-EN23-a)
Global_Reporting_Initiative+Total_Waste_Recycled_G4_EN23_a
What is the total amount of waste recycled by the organization (in metric tonnes)?
2018
76.3M
2017
456,218
2016
Unknown
2015
229,995
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Total Waste Recycled (G4-EN23-a)
Global_Reporting_Initiative+Non_Hazardous_Waste_Recycled_G4_EN23_a
What is the total amount of non-hazardous waste recycled by the organization (in metric tonnes)?
2018
11.7M
2017
20,935
2016
18,311
2015
30,177.5
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Non-Hazardous Waste Recycled (G4-EN23-a)
Global_Reporting_Initiative+Hazardous_waste_recycled_G4_EN23_a
What is the total amount of hazardous waste recycled by the organization (in metric tonnes)?
2018
527,816.8
2017
243.3
2016
242
2015
261
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Hazardous waste recycled (G4-EN23-a)
Global_Reporting_Initiative+Total_Waste_to_Landfill_G4_EN23_a
What is the total waste from the organization going to a landfill (in metric tonnes)?
2018
543M
2017
378,703
2016
550,301
2015
4.96M
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Total Waste to Landfill (G4-EN23-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+Non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations by fines, GRI 307-1 (G4-EN29-a)
What is the total monetary value of significant fines for non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations incurred by the organization?
2018
3,390
2017
1.21M
2016
Unknown
2015
0
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations by fines, GRI 307-1 (G4-EN29-a)
Global_Reporting_Initiative+Environmental_non_monetary_sanctions_G4_EN29_a
What is the total number of non-monetary sanctions for non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations incurred by the organization? 
2018
2
2017
4
2016
6
2015
2
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Environmental non-monetary sanctions (G4-EN29-a)
Global_Reporting_Initiative+Environmental_Protection_Expenditures_G4_EN31_a
What are the total environmental protection expenditures and investments of the company?
2018
23M
2017
19.5M
2016
17.5M
2015
18.7M
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Environmental Protection Expenditures (G4-EN31-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+Total energy consumption, GRI 302-1-e (formerly G4-EN3-e)
What is the company's total energy consumption (in gigajoules)?
2018
11.5M
2017
11.6M
2016
11.7M
2015
14.5M
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Total energy consumption, GRI 302-1-e (formerly G4-EN3-e)
Global Reporting Initiative+Fuel consumption from non-renewable sources, GRI 302-1-a (formerly G4-EN3-a)
What is the total amount of fuel consumption from non-renewable sources (in gigajoules) that the organization is responsible for?
2018
Unknown
2017
Unknown
2016
Unknown
2015
10.9M
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Fuel consumption from non-renewable sources, GRI 302-1-a (formerly G4-EN3-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+Fuel consumption from renewable sources, GRI 302-1-b (formerly G4-EN3-b)
What is the total amount of fuel consumption from renewable sources (in gigajoules) that the organization is responsible for?
2018
Unknown
2017
Unknown
2016
Unknown
2015
3.58M
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Fuel consumption from renewable sources, GRI 302-1-b (formerly G4-EN3-b)
Global Reporting Initiative+Total water withdrawals, GRI 303-3-a (formerly G4-EN8-a)
How much water did the company withdraw (in cubic metres)?
2018
3.53M
2017
7.19M
2016
9.26M
2015
13.9M
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Total water withdrawals, GRI 303-3-a (formerly G4-EN8-a)
Global_Reporting_Initiative+Waste_Water_Used_G4_EN8_a
How much waste water (from another organization) did the company use (in cubic metres)? 
2018
743,141
2017
1.2M
2016
3.07M
2015
3.48M
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Waste Water Used (G4-EN8-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+Third-party water withdrawals, GRI 303-3-a (formerly G4-EN8-a)
How much third-party water did the company withdraw (in cubic metres)?
2018
2.47M
2017
5.49M
2016
5.67M
2015
9.46M
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Third-party water withdrawals, GRI 303-3-a (formerly G4-EN8-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+Groundwater withdrawals, GRI 303-3-a (formerly G4-EN8-a)
How much groundwater did the company withdraw (in cubic metres)? 
2018
Unknown
2017
377,251
2016
420,625
2015
417,445
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Groundwater withdrawals, GRI 303-3-a (formerly G4-EN8-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+Surface water withdrawals, GRI 303-3-a (formerly G4-EN8-a)
How much Surface Water did the company withdraw (in cubic metres)?
2018
232,448.7
2017
377,251
2016
420,625
2015
556,593.4
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Surface water withdrawals, GRI 303-3-a (formerly G4-EN8-a)
Global_Reporting_Initiative+Rainwater_collected_directly_and_stored_G4_EN8_a
How much rainwater did the company collect and store (in cubic metres)? 
2018
0
2017
359,544
2016
Unknown
2015
0
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Rainwater collected directly and stored (G4-EN8-a)
Global_Reporting_Initiative+Water_Volume_Recycled_G4_EN10_a
What volume of the water used by the company was recycled or reused (in cubic metres)?
2018
743,141
2017
1.2M
2016
3.07M
2015
4.75M
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Water Volume Recycled (G4-EN10-a)
Global_Reporting_Initiative+Water_Recycled_G4_EN10_b
What percentage of water used by the company was recycled or reused? (G4-EN10-b)
2018
21.1
2017
16.7
2016
33.2
2015
34
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Water Recycled (%) (G4-EN10-b)
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2019
2018
481,751.3
2018
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482,972
2017
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540,151
2016
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712,752.7
2015
2014
784,495.9
2014
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Question
What is the amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (in tonnes of CO2 equivalent) that the organization is directly responsible for?
To research an answer, please select a year above.
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This metric is based on the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) Standard Guidelines. 

In 2018, the GRI G4 Sustainability Reporting Guidelines were superseded by the GRI Sustainability Reporting Standards (GRI standards). For this metric, the code G4-EN15-a is used in company reporting prior to 2018, and the new GRI 305-1 code used in reporting from 2018 onwards. The methodology for the former G4 standard for this metric can be found here

In the context of the GRI Standards, the environmental dimension of sustainability concerns an organization’s impacts on living and non-living natural systems, including land, air, water and ecosystems.

GRI 305 addresses emissions into air, which are the discharge of substances from a source into the atmosphere. Types of emissions include: greenhouse gas (GHG), ozone-depleting substances (ODS), and nitrogen oxides (NOX) and sulfur oxides (SOX), among other significant air emissions.

GHG emissions are a major contributor to climate change and are governed by the United Nations (UN) ‘Framework Convention on Climate Change’ and the subsequent UN ‘Kyoto Protocol’. This Standard covers the following GHGs:

  • Carbon dioxide (CO2)
  • Methane (CH4)
  • Nitrous oxide (N2O)
  • Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs)
  • Perfluorocarbons (PFCs)
  • Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)
  • Nitrogen trifluoride (NF3)

Some GHGs, including methane, are also air pollutants that have significant adverse impacts on ecosystems, air quality, agriculture, and human and animal health.

As a result, different national and international regulations and incentive systems, such as emissions trading, aim to control the volume and reward the reduction of GHG emissions.

The GHG Protocol has established a classification of GHG emissions called ‘Scope’: Scope 1, Scope 2 and Scope 3. The GHG emissions standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), ‘ISO 14064’, represents these classifications of Scope with the following terms:

  • Direct GHG emissions (Scope 1): GHG emissions from sources that are owned or controlled by an organization
  • Energy indirect GHG emissions (Scope 2): GHG emissions that result from the generation of purchased or acquired electricity, heating, cooling, and steam consumed by an organization
  • Other indirect GHG emissions (Scope 3): Indirect GHG emissions not included in energy indirect (Scope 2) GHG emissions that occur outside of the organization, including both upstream and downstream emissions

Methodology

To answer this metric question you need identify the Direct GHG emissions (Scope 1) of the organization for a specific year. Start by searching publicly available documents like Annual and CSR reports.  

Keywords and search terms for this metric: 

  • GHG, Greenhouse Gas
  • Emissions
  • GRI
  • GRI Index
  • 305-1
  • EN15
  • Scope 1

Answers & Calculations: Once you have found the answer, make sure the unit of measurement fits to the question on WikiRate. If any calculations or unit conversions are done, include these in the Comments field alongside the page number where you found the answer. Select the 'Unknown' answer box if the company has not published the data.

Units: Companies may report their GHG emissions in hundreds, thousands or millions of tonnes. Make sure you check the unit of measurement and enter the full number into the answer field.

E.g. If the company says '0.5 million tonnes CO2e' the answer should be entered on WikiRate as '500000 tonnes'.

For conversions, Convertunits.com can be helpful.

How to Research an Answer 

Follow these steps or watch this video demonstrating how to research and add answers:

  1. Select the company, metric and year

  2. Look for the answer to the metric's question in a suggested source or add a new source

  3. Cite the source

  4. Enter the answer and supporting comments

  5. Submit!

Extra Guidance

Watch the project tutorial on editing an answer.

Watch the project tutorial on editing the value "year".

Watch the video tutorial on adding a URL as a source.

Watch the video tutorial on adding a PDF file as a source.

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