Global Reporting Initiative+image
Direct greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Scope 1) (G4-EN15-a)
What is the amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (in tonnes of CO2 equivalent) that the organization is directly responsible for?
2015
8,633.6
2014
11,987.1
2013
17,041.5
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Direct greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Scope 1) (G4-EN15-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Scope 2) (G4-EN16-a)
What is the amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (in tons of CO2 equivalent) that the organization is indirectly responsible for?
2015
412,521.3
2014
354,544.9
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Scope 2) (G4-EN16-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances (ODS), GRI 305-6-a (formerly G4-EN20-a)
How many metric tons of Ozone-Depleting Substances did the company emit (in metric tons of CFC-11 equivalent)?
2015
Unknown
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances (ODS), GRI 305-6-a (formerly G4-EN20-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) emissions, GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
How many metric tonnes of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) does the company emit?
2015
Unknown
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) emissions, GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Sulfur Oxide (SOx) emissions, GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
How many metric tonnes of sulfur oxide (SOx) does the company emit?
2015
Unknown
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Sulfur Oxide (SOx) emissions, GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Persistent organic pollutants (POP), GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
How many metric tonnes of persistent organic pollutants (POP) does the company emit?
2015
Unknown
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Persistent organic pollutants (POP), GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Nitrogen oxide (NOX) emissions, GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
How many metric tonnes of mono-nitrogen oxides (NOx) does the company emit (in metric tonnes)?
2015
Unknown
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Nitrogen oxide (NOX) emissions, GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAP) emissions, GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
How many metric tonnes of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) does the company emit?
2015
Unknown
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAP) emissions, GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Particulate Matter (PM) emissions, GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
How many metric tonnes of particulate matter (PM) does the company emit?
2015
Unknown
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Particulate Matter (PM) emissions, GRI 305-7-a (formerly G4-EN21-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Total Waste Generated (G4-EN23-a)
What is the total amount of waste generated by the organization (in metric tonnes)?
2015
3,120
2014
3,723
2013
4,078
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Total Waste Generated (G4-EN23-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Non-hazardous waste (G4-EN23-a)
What is the total amount of non-hazardous waste created by the organization (in metric tonnes)?
2015
1,410
2014
1,775.4
2013
1,724.7
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Non-hazardous waste (G4-EN23-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Hazardous Waste Created (G4-EN23-a)
What is the total amount of hazardous waste created by the organization (in metric tonnes)?
2015
1,694.9
2014
1,948.4
2013
2,354.1
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Hazardous Waste Created (G4-EN23-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Total Waste Recycled (G4-EN23-a)
What is the total amount of waste recycled by the organization (in metric tonnes)?
2015
729.2
2014
6,149.4
2013
1,198.7
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Total Waste Recycled (G4-EN23-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Non-Hazardous Waste Recycled (G4-EN23-a)
What is the total amount of non-hazardous waste recycled by the organization (in metric tonnes)?
2015
Unknown
2014
Unknown
2013
Unknown
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Non-Hazardous Waste Recycled (G4-EN23-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Hazardous waste recycled (G4-EN23-a)
What is the total amount of hazardous waste recycled by the organization (in metric tonnes)?
2015
Unknown
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Hazardous waste recycled (G4-EN23-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Total Waste to Landfill (G4-EN23-a)
What is the total waste from the organization going to a landfill (in metric tonnes)?
2015
2,151.1
2014
2,844.3
2013
1,901.3
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Total Waste to Landfill (G4-EN23-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations by fines, GRI 307-1 (G4-EN29-a)
What is the total monetary value of significant fines for non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations incurred by the organization?
2015
0
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations by fines, GRI 307-1 (G4-EN29-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Environmental non-monetary sanctions (G4-EN29-a)
What is the total number of non-monetary sanctions for non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations incurred by the organization? 
2015
0
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Environmental non-monetary sanctions (G4-EN29-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Environmental Protection Expenditures (G4-EN31-a)
What are the total environmental protection expenditures and investments of the company?
2015
Unknown
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Environmental Protection Expenditures (G4-EN31-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Total energy consumption, GRI 302-1-e (formerly G4-EN3-e)
What is the company's total energy consumption (in gigajoules)?
2015
426,164
2014
401,187
2013
460,558
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Total energy consumption, GRI 302-1-e (formerly G4-EN3-e)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Fuel consumption from non-renewable sources, GRI 302-1-a (formerly G4-EN3-a)
What is the total amount of fuel consumption from non-renewable sources (in gigajoules) that the organization is responsible for?
2015
Unknown
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Fuel consumption from non-renewable sources, GRI 302-1-a (formerly G4-EN3-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Fuel consumption from renewable sources, GRI 302-1-b (formerly G4-EN3-b)
What is the total amount of fuel consumption from renewable sources (in gigajoules) that the organization is responsible for?
2015
Unknown
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Fuel consumption from renewable sources, GRI 302-1-b (formerly G4-EN3-b)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Total water withdrawals, GRI 303-3-a (formerly G4-EN8-a)
How much water did the company withdraw (in cubic metres)?
2015
Unknown
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Total water withdrawals, GRI 303-3-a (formerly G4-EN8-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Waste Water Used (G4-EN8-a)
How much waste water (from another organization) did the company use (in cubic metres)? 
2015
Unknown
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Waste Water Used (G4-EN8-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Third-party water withdrawals, GRI 303-3-a (formerly G4-EN8-a)
How much third-party water did the company withdraw (in cubic metres)?
2015
870,425
2014
840,818
2013
979,665
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Third-party water withdrawals, GRI 303-3-a (formerly G4-EN8-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Groundwater withdrawals, GRI 303-3-a (formerly G4-EN8-a)
How much groundwater did the company withdraw (in cubic metres)? 
2015
98,089
2014
95,241
2013
453,261
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Groundwater withdrawals, GRI 303-3-a (formerly G4-EN8-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Surface water withdrawals, GRI 303-3-a (formerly G4-EN8-a)
How much Surface Water did the company withdraw (in cubic metres)?
2015
Unknown
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Surface water withdrawals, GRI 303-3-a (formerly G4-EN8-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Rainwater collected directly and stored (G4-EN8-a)
How much rainwater did the company collect and store (in cubic metres)? 
2015
Unknown
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Rainwater collected directly and stored (G4-EN8-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Water Volume Recycled (G4-EN10-a)
What volume of the water used by the company was recycled or reused (in cubic metres)?
2015
0
2014
0
2013
824
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Water Volume Recycled (G4-EN10-a)
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Water Recycled (%) (G4-EN10-b)
What percentage of water used by the company was recycled or reused? (G4-EN10-b)
2015
Unknown
Global Reporting Initiative+image
Water Recycled (%) (G4-EN10-b)
Select Year
2020
add answer
2020
2019
add answer
2019
2018
add answer
2018
2017
add answer
2017
2016
add answer
2016
2015
8,633.6
2015
2014
11,987.1
2014
2013
17,041.5
2013
2012
add answer
2012
2011
add answer
2011
2010
add answer
2010
2009
add answer
2009
2008
add answer
2008
2007
add answer
2007
2006
add answer
2006
2005
add answer
2005
2004
add answer
2004
2003
add answer
2003
2002
add answer
2002
2001
add answer
2001
2000
add answer
2000
1999
add answer
1999
1998
add answer
1998
1997
add answer
1997
1996
add answer
1996
1995
add answer
1995
1994
add answer
1994
1993
add answer
1993
1992
add answer
1992
1991
add answer
1991
1990
add answer
1990
Question
What is the amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (in tonnes of CO2 equivalent) that the organization is directly responsible for?
To research an answer, please select a year above.
Add File Source
Suggested Sources
added over 3 years ago by Phepsiwe Mweli
2013
added over 3 years ago by Phepsiwe Mweli
2015
added over 3 years ago by Laureen van Breen
2015
added over 3 years ago by theresah
2015

This metric is based on the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) Standard Guidelines. 

In 2018, the GRI G4 Sustainability Reporting Guidelines were superseded by the GRI Sustainability Reporting Standards (GRI standards). For this metric, the code G4-EN15-a is used in company reporting prior to 2018, and the new GRI 305-1 code used in reporting from 2018 onwards. The methodology for the former G4 standard for this metric can be found here

In the context of the GRI Standards, the environmental dimension of sustainability concerns an organization’s impacts on living and non-living natural systems, including land, air, water and ecosystems.

GRI 305 addresses emissions into air, which are the discharge of substances from a source into the atmosphere. Types of emissions include: greenhouse gas (GHG), ozone-depleting substances (ODS), and nitrogen oxides (NOX) and sulfur oxides (SOX), among other significant air emissions.

GHG emissions are a major contributor to climate change and are governed by the United Nations (UN) ‘Framework Convention on Climate Change’ and the subsequent UN ‘Kyoto Protocol’. This Standard covers the following GHGs:

  • Carbon dioxide (CO2)
  • Methane (CH4)
  • Nitrous oxide (N2O)
  • Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs)
  • Perfluorocarbons (PFCs)
  • Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)
  • Nitrogen trifluoride (NF3)

Some GHGs, including methane, are also air pollutants that have significant adverse impacts on ecosystems, air quality, agriculture, and human and animal health.

As a result, different national and international regulations and incentive systems, such as emissions trading, aim to control the volume and reward the reduction of GHG emissions.

The GHG Protocol has established a classification of GHG emissions called ‘Scope’: Scope 1, Scope 2 and Scope 3. The GHG emissions standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), ‘ISO 14064’, represents these classifications of Scope with the following terms:

  • Direct GHG emissions (Scope 1): GHG emissions from sources that are owned or controlled by an organization
  • Energy indirect GHG emissions (Scope 2): GHG emissions that result from the generation of purchased or acquired electricity, heating, cooling, and steam consumed by an organization
  • Other indirect GHG emissions (Scope 3): Indirect GHG emissions not included in energy indirect (Scope 2) GHG emissions that occur outside of the organization, including both upstream and downstream emissions

Methodology

To answer this metric question you need identify the Direct GHG emissions (Scope 1) of the organization for a specific year. Start by searching publicly available documents like Annual and CSR reports.  

Keywords and search terms for this metric: GHG, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Scope 1, GRI, GRI Index, 305-1, EN15

Answers & Calculations: Once you have found the answer, make sure the unit of measurement fits to the question on WikiRate. If any calculations or unit conversions are done, include these in the Comments field alongside the page number where you found the answer. Select the 'Unknown' answer box if the company has not published the data.

Units: Companies may report their GHG emissions in hundreds, thousands or millions of tonnes. Make sure you check the unit of measurement and enter the full number into the answer field.

E.g. If the company says '0.5 million tonnes CO2e' the answer should be entered on WikiRate as '500000 tonnes'.

For conversions, Convertunits.com can be helpful.

How to Research an Answer 

Follow these steps or watch this video demonstrating how to research and add answers:

  1. Select the company, metric and year

  2. Look for the answer to the metric's question in a suggested source or add a new source

  3. Cite the source

  4. Enter the answer and supporting comments

  5. Submit!

Extra Guidance

Watch the project tutorial on editing an answer.

Watch the project tutorial on editing the value "year".

Watch the video tutorial on adding a URL as a source.

Watch the video tutorial on adding a PDF file as a source.

Found a bug?

WikiRate is in Beta, so if you if you encounter any technical problems, make a Ticket so that we can track and resolve this issue.