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Designed by
Metric Type
Company Groups
Value Type
Research Policy
Community Assessed
Report Type
Corporate Social Responsibility Report

This metric is based on the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) Standard Guidelines.

In the context of the GRI Standards, the social dimension of sustainability concerns an organization’s impacts on the social systems within which it operates. GRI 401 addresses the topic of employment.

This includes an organization’s approach to employment or job creation, that is, an organization’s approach to hiring, recruitment, retention and related practices, and the working conditions it provides. GRI 401 also covers the employment and working conditions in an organization’s supply chain.

The number, age, gender, and region of an organization’s new employee hires can indicate its strategy and ability to attract diverse, qualified employees. This information can signify the organization’s efforts to implement
inclusive recruitment practices based on age and gender. It can also signify the optimal use of available
labor and talent in different regions.

A high rate of employee turnover can indicate levels of uncertainty and dissatisfaction among employees. It can also signal a fundamental change in the structure of an organization’s core operations.

An unevenpattern of turnover by age or gender can indicate incompatibility or potential inequity in the workplace. Turnover results in changes to the human and intellectual capital of the organization and can impact productivity. Turnover has direct cost implications either in terms of reduced payroll or greater expenses for the recruitment of employees.

In 2018, the GRI G4 Sustainability Reporting Guidelines were superseded by the GRI Sustainability Reporting Standards (GRI standards). For this metric, the code G4-LA1-a is used in company reporting prior to 2018, and the new GRI 401-1 code used in reporting from 2018 onwards. The methodology for the former G4 standard for this metric can be found here. code used in reporting from 2018 onwards. The methodology for the former G4 standard for this metric can be found here.


This metric is looking for the total rate (%) of employees leaving the company during the reporting period:

For WikiRate researchers:

Companies who align reports to GRI’s Sustainability Reporting Standards often include a GRI Content Index or Annex where GRI disclosures, with GRI codes, are listed.

  • Use the GRI Index, CTR+ F, Command+F or search button on source preview to search for this index and metrics within the report

  • Use 401 codes, 401-1 codes or keywords to quickly find values, keeping in mind that some companies report on the metric using different terms, e.g. GRI 401-1, 401, or employee turnover rate

  • Always check the metric question and methodology for the unit of measure or currency - researchers may need to carry out calculations or conversions before entering the final metric value

  • Add comments documenting exactly where within the source you found the information (page number) and include details of simple or complex calculations or conversions made to determine the metric value. For instance, if provided, include a breakdown of the new hires by age group, gender, and region.

  • If you are unable to locate a metric value in a source you can search for additional sources where the data is available and add a new source

  • Select the 'Unknown' answer box if the company has not published the data.

Global Reporting Initiative compliance guidance for companies:

To calculate the total rate of employee turnover during the reporting period GRI 401-b:

  • Identify the employee turnover (number of employees in a workforce that leave) during the reporting period.

  • Identify total employee numbers at the end of the reporting period.

  • Calculate the the total rate (%) of employee turnover.