Global Reporting Initiative+Indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Scope 2) (G4-EN16-a)
2

Indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Scope 2) (G4-EN16-a)

What is the amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (in tons of CO2 equivalent) that the organization is indirectly responsible for?
Company
Industry
Project
search
Year
Metric_value
Filtered answers
528 Known
+ 220 Unknown
= 748 Total results
Companies Values
EI du Pont de Nemours+Image
EI du Pont de Nemours
Delaware (United States)
2.66T
tonnes CO2 equivalent 2014
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD)+image
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD)
California (United States)
146B
tonnes CO2 equivalent 2014
Eni+image
Eni
Italy
247M
tonnes CO2 equivalent 2016
Eskom+Image
Eskom
South Africa
211M
tonnes CO2 equivalent 2017
Deutsche Bahn AG+Image
Deutsche Bahn AG
83M
tonnes CO2 equivalent 2015
Engie+Image
Engie
France
81M
tonnes CO2 equivalent 2014
BMW Group+image
BMW Group
Germany
72.2M
tonnes CO2 equivalent 2017
Sinopec-China Petroleum & Chemical+image
Sinopec-China Petroleum & Chemical
39.6M
tonnes CO2 equivalent 2017
Unilever+image
Unilever
Netherlands
38.4M
tonnes CO2 equivalent 2016
Linde+image
Linde
25.8M
tonnes CO2 equivalent 2016
Rosneft+image
Rosneft
Russia
24.5M
tonnes CO2 equivalent 2016
Jindal Steel and Power Limited+image
Jindal Steel and Power Limited
India
18.6M
tonnes CO2 equivalent 2014
GlaxoSmithKline Pharma GmbH
Austria
17.9M
tonnes CO2 equivalent 2017
Novartis+image
Novartis
Switzerland
16.5M
tonnes CO2 equivalent 2017
ArcelorMittal+image
ArcelorMittal
Netherlands
16M
tonnes CO2 equivalent 2015
China Mobile+image
China Mobile
Hong Kong
15.3M
tonnes CO2 equivalent 2015
Glencore International+image
Glencore International
Switzerland
12.7M
tonnes CO2 equivalent 2016
Industrias Haceb+Image
Industrias Haceb
Colombia
12.6M
tonnes CO2 equivalent 2016
Air Liquide+Image
Air Liquide
France
11.2M
tonnes CO2 equivalent 2016
Shell Midstream Partners LP
Netherlands
11M
tonnes CO2 equivalent 2016

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Metric Type
Researched
Designed By
Topics
Research Policy
Community Assessed
Report Type
Corporate Social Responsibility Report
Value Type
Number
Unit:
tonnes CO2 equivalent
Range:

About

This metric is based on the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) G4 Guidelines. It covers one of the requirements of Indicator G4-EN16 - 'Energy indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Scope 2)'.

GHG emissions are a major contributor to climate change and are governed by the United Nations (UN) UN ‘United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change’ and the subsequent UN ‘Kyoto Protocol’. Some GHGs, including methane (CH4), are also air pollutants that have significant adverse impacts on ecosystems, air quality, agriculture, and human and animal health. As a result, different national and international regulations and incentive systems (such as tradable emission permits) aim to control the volume, and reward the reduction of GHG emissions.

This indicator covers the disclosure of energy indirect (Scope 2) GHG emissions, in CO2 equivalents, of the GHGs covered by the UN ‘Kyoto Protocol’ and the World Resources Institute (WRI) and World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) ‘GHG Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard’.

An organization’s energy indirect (Scope 2) GHG emissions result from the generation of the electricity, heating, cooling, and steam which it purchased from other organizations for its own consumption.

For many organizations the energy indirect (Scope 2) GHG emissions that result from the generation of purchased electricity are much greater than their direct GHG emissions.

Methodology

This metric is looking for the total indirect (scope 2) greenhouse gas emissions in tonnes of CO2 equivalent:

For WikiRate researchers:

Companies who align reports to GRI’s Sustainability Reporting Standards often include a GRI Content Index or Annex where GRI disclosures, with GRI codes, are listed.

  • Use the GRI Index, CTRL F, Command F or search button on source preview to search for this index and metrics within the report

  • Use G4 codes, G3 codes or keywords to quickly find values, keeping in mind that some companies report on the metric using different terms, e.g. G4-EN16 or EN16, GHG emissions or greenhouse gas emissions

  • Always check the metric question and methodology for the unit of measure or currency - researchers may need to carry out calculations or conversions before entering the final metric value

  • Add comments documenting exactly where within the source you found the information (page number) and include details of simple or complex calculations or conversions made to determine the metric value

  • If you are unable to locate a metric value in a source you can search for additional sources where the data is available and add a new source

Further guidance on how to research values for GRI-based metrics is available here, including detailed guidance on adding, editing and Checking metric values.

Global Reporting Initiative compliance guidance for companies:

To calculate energy indirect (scope 2) greenhouse gas emissions (Scope 2) - G4-EN16-a:

  • Identify indirect emissions of GHGs that result from the generation of the electricity, heating, cooling, and steam which is purchased or acquired for own consumption by the organization

  • Calculate the gross energy indirect GHG emissions that result from the generation of purchased electricity, heating, cooling, and steam. Exclude any GHG trades, such as purchases, sales, or transfers of offsets or allowances

Reporting on this Indicator should include the following contextual information as a comment to the metric value:

  • G4-EN16-b: Report gases included in the calculation, if available.

  • G4-EN16-c: Report the chosen base year, the rationale for choosing the base year, emissions in the base year, and the context for any significant changes in emissions that triggered recalculations of base year emissions.

  • G4-EN16-d: Report standards, methodologies, and assumptions used.

  • G4-EN16-e: Report the source of the emission factors used and the global warming potential (GWP) rates used or a reference to the GWP source, if available.

  • G4-EN16-f: Report the chosen consolidation approach for emissions (equity share, financial control, operational control).

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