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What percentage of the company's surveyed workers are covered by a collective agreement?

This metric is part of a Clean Clothes Campaign project to investigate wages in apparel supply chains. The project, Filling the Gap: Achieving Living Wages through improved transparency, is funded by the European Commission and comprises research, campaigning, capacity building and advocacy around an innovative Transparency Tool. 

The Transparency Tool enables users to see at a glance which fashion brands and retailers have the largest gaps between their public commitments on wages, what workers are actually paid, and what they should be paid to be earning a Living Wage in their regional context. 

The aim of the project is to empower workers and workers’ organisations to advocate for their rights and equip consumers in Europe with the knowledge/evidence that will enable them to make responsible and more sustainable shopping decisions, and to hold brands accountable. The resulting increased transparency and traceability, along with the empowerment of workers, trade unions and CSOs, will lead to concrete improvements in these global supply chains.

The research was split into two parts: a survey of the brands and an on-the-ground survey of factory workers, initially in China, Indonesia, Croatia, India and Sri Lanka. This metric is derived from the factory worker survey portion of the research.

Collective Bargaining Agreementwritten agreements regarding working conditions and terms of employment concluded between one or more employers or employers' organizations, on the one hand, and one or more representative workers' organizations or duly elected and authorised representatives of the workers (according to national laws and regulations), on the other. Ministries of Labour often maintain administrative records on CBA, including information on collective bargaining coverage, content and duration of the agreements.

Source: ILO


This metric question has been adapted from a questionnaire created by Clean Clothes Campaign to survey factory employees on working conditions in their place of work. To obtain a factory-wide metric answer and protect the workers who have taken part, the data from these individual surveys is aggregated and an average result calculated across all the workers surveyed from a particular factory. 

To conduct this research, the Clean Clothes Campaign research team created a questionnaire which can be administered in a face-to-face interview, telephone interview or through a digital survey.

If you would like to use this research metric to gather data on working conditions, please contact us at for more information about the research process. 

Please note that this metric must be researched through directly surveying factory workers and therefore cannot be included in desk research projects.