In spring 2014, Levi Strauss produced 100,000 pairs of women’s jeans with 100 percent recycled water. As a result, 12 million liters of water was saved, equivalent to almost five Olympic-size swimming pools.1 The process is the result of a new third-party water recycling verification that aims to reduce the impact of garment production on fresh water resources. It is being used in one of the company’s primary Chinese factories. While the process is still in the testing phases, the ultimate goal is to use 100 percent recycled water to finish a wider range of Levi’s products at ...more
American Apparel have a good ethical reputation, in that all of its clothes available for purchase are manufactured in the USA under regulation, which for the most part ensures that they are 'sweatshop free' 1.
On the other hand, the company have been implicated in a number of scandals around working conditions, especially linked to female employee complaints 23 about the now former 4 CEO, Dov Charney.
The Benetton Group S.p.A. was founded in Italy in the 1980s. For the first decades of operation virtually all garments of their brands were produced in Italy following a then innovative supply chain management system that implied a total or majoritary control over production facilities that would ensure a higher level of control on product quality and working conditions. Following the expansion of the group, part of the production has been extenalized first in Turkey and then in Asia. This externalization forced the company to introduce several levels of contractors and subcontractors in their supply chain thus limiting their control...more
Unilever is a multinational company controlling a great variety of brands operating in different sectors and markets. While some of them were originally created by Unilever, others have been acquired through the acquisition of external companies with a fully developed brand and company identity. Interestingly enough, Unilever has managed, over the years, to grant the "acquired" brands a relatively high degree of autonomy in their policies. One of the most well-known Unilever brands is probably Ben & Jerry's. Ben & Jerry's were acquired by the group in 2000 after 22 years of operation conducted aiming at benefiting all the relevant stakeholders. ...more
In 2011, H&M launched the "Waste" line, which consists of 10 items made completely of left-over pieces from their Lanvin collection1. In February 2013, H&M kicked off its garment recycling programme, allowing customers to donate used clothing of any brand at all H&M stores in 48 markets worldwide. For this initiative, H&M partnerd up with Global Green USA, the American affiliate of Green Cross International, and I:Collect, a Swiss-based company that processes around 500 tons of used items every day in 74 countries. This initiative is part of the company's efforts to reduce the environmental impact of ...more
Procter & Gamble is a multinational corporation particularly active in the personal care sector. For this reason it is particularly relevant to consider P&G's stand concerning animal right and, particularly, concerning animal testing. In the early 2000s, the company was proud to inform the public of having, in the previous two decades, eliminated animal testing for 80% of their products. Also from this period are the first significant P&G investments in alternative testing methods. By the company's own admission, the main drive of this investments was the increasing consumer concerns over waste and suffering. However, P&G seemed to also benefit from ...more